Dr. Lawrence is a fish biologist and freshwater ecologist specializing in the conservation of aquatic ecosystems. He completed his Ph.D. at the University of Washington, where he was a Northwest Climate Science Center fellow. His doctoral research investigated the interactive effects of climate change, land-use alteration, and invasive species on Pacific salmon in rivers of the Northwest. Dr. Lawrence also worked as a staff scientist at the University of Washington and the Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium, and as a fisheries consultant at Marine Research, Inc., based in Woods Hole, Massachusetts. His fieldwork has taken him to the high seas in Alaska, coastal rivers in the Northeast, the marshes of the Gulf coast, and high desert rivers in the Pacific Northwest. Dr. Lawrence earned his M.A. at Boston University and B.S. at Benedictine University in Illinois.